A literature review is a text of a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources, and do not report new or original experimental work.

  • The written collection and synthesis of research on a given topic
  • These are intended to distill information from published sources, capturing the essence of previous research or projects to inform the current project.
  • Strategies for organizing may be categorical, chronological, thematic, or methodological.
  • Internet resources have expedited searches but judgment is needed to ensure relevance and credibility of sources.
  • May include books, chapters, journal and magazine articles, theses and dissertations, corporate and academic websites and blogs, and past design projects.
  • The guiding factor in selecting literature should be relevance, clearly suggesting how it informed the design investigation.
  • Literature reviews should be accurately referenced using a consistent bibliographic style.

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A tendency to interpret shaded or dark areas of an object as shadows resulting from a light source above the object. Humans are biased to interpret objects as being lit from a single light source from above. This bias is found across all age range...

Gauging first-impression emotional responses to product and service designs This explores the affective response that different designs elicit from people based on first impressions. Using index cards with positive, neutral, and negative ad...

The use of a weak element that will fail in order to protect other elements in the system from damage. a chain is only as strong as its weakest link This suggests that the weakest link in a chain is also the least valuable and most expendable lin...

Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design. Exploratory research helps determine the best re...