This is used to document observable human activities and personal characteristics, interactions, time spent at fixed locations or in transit, and details of environmental context.

  • A sketch map or architectural floor plan is used as the underlay for recording observations.
  • Place-centered mapping is based on observations of all people and their interactions at a specific location.
  • Individual-centered mapping follows the travel and activities of specific individuals over time and location, documenting their social behaviors and interactions.
  • While typically completed in real time, the mapping can involve time-lapse photography or video.
  • Interviews or debriefing conversations with participants help to understand more about mapped behaviors.
  • In retrospective mapping, individuals chart their own paths and behaviors on a floor plan or map, revealing their motivations for actions.

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