Human-centered design (HCD) is a design and management framework that develops solutions to problems by involving the human perspective in all steps of the problem-solving process. Human involvement typically takes place in observing the problem within context, brainstorming, conceptualizing, developing, and implementing the solution.
Methods created by design companies
Every design firm or organization has their own design process. Different disciplines use slightly different language and techniques, but ultimately all these processes are very similar.
The ultimate goal here is to understand the problem different aspects.
- Interviews: Expert interviews, Users interviews, Stack-holders interviews, Group interviews, Body language, 5 Why?
- Audience: Groups, Empathy maps, Personas, Mental Models, Use cases and User Stories, Story Boards, Services Blueprint, Touchpoints, Triggers, and Hooks.
- Desk Research: Quantitative Data, Competitors Analysis, Lighting Demos / Imageboard.
Defining the challenges and figure out how problems could be solved.
- Challenges: How might we, Long-term goal, Design Questions, Business Stuff.
- Solutions: The Map, Card Sharing, Voting Dots, Design Principles, Hooks, The Concept.
- Let’s Do it: Data Gathering (Principles, Inspiration, Human, Technologies).
Time to implement, test and iterate the different solutions.
- Build: Sketch, Rapid Prototyping, Prototypes, Interactions.
- Test: Usability Evaluation, Feedback sessions, User Testing, A/B Testing.
- Iterate: Data Gathering & Design System (Principles, Inspiration, Human, Technologies).
Paper-prototyping interactions and value exchanges among people, artifacts, and environments Business origami is a service design activity where stakeholders build a physical representation of a system and then prototype future or alternative ...
Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design. Exploratory research helps determine the best re...
The cognitive walkthrough is a usability evaluation method in which one or more evaluators work through a series of tasks and ask a set of questions from the perspective of the user. The focus of the cognitive walkthrough is on understanding the syst...
Task analysis is the analysis of how a task is accomplished, including a detailed description of both manual and mental activities, task and element durations, task frequency, task allocation, task complexity, environmental conditions, necessary clot...
Weighted Decision Matrix. A weighted decision matrix is a tool used to compare alternatives with respect to multiple criteria of different levels of importance. It can be used to rank all the alternatives relative to a “fixed” reference and thus ...
Generative research is a more focused effort targeted at a deeper understanding of user needs and desires, and concept development through participatory design activities. Evaluative research combines more established methods to test emerging design ...